Trikonasana translates as triangle pose and there are three triangles which can be found. The first made with our legs and the floor. The second with our top arm and the two feet, and the third with our front leg, the bottom arm and our side body.
Triangle pose is also said to symbolise the three primary Gunas, Sattva, Tamas, and Rajas. These Gunas from hindu philosophy are said to be the three qualities that represent our bodies and mind. They are also used in Ayurvedic medicine in order to establish body compositions. Sattva represents balance and purity, Tamas lethargic, slow or dull, and Rajas active and dynamic. One of the aims in our yoga practice is to bring these Gunas in to balance and aim for a more Sattvic life as possible.
This asana has many benefits, it helps build strength and improve flexibility in the legs including the calves, ankles, groin, hamstrings and hips, it helps to stimulate the abdominal organs and improves digestion, and helps also to establish mental focus and relieve stress, especially if you turn the gaze up towards the top arm, being mindful of neck stiffness or pain.
I have to say that Trikonasana is not one of my favourite poses, mainly because I have a hyper extending knee and so I have to really concentrate not to collapse my weight on that front knee. So lets just say I don’t look forward to this pose. However, when I am comfortably positioned in this asana and my alignment is correct, which takes me a few moments, I feel balanced and strong and feel the benefits of this pose.